The Polish-Hungarian friendship is still present in the collective psyches of both nations. Although, contrary to popular opinion, relations between the countries were sometimes tense (it is enough to mention the politics of Gábor Bethlen or Imre Thököly), the state border between the two kingdoms was exceptionally peaceful. This was reflected in the mutual penetration of cultures.

The first cable car in the world was built in Gdańsk in 1644, then part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. City engineer Adam Wybe constructed this mechanism to facilitate fortification work carried out at the city’s ramparts. The machine was admired not only by the townspeople but also by numerous travelers from all over the world.

Saints Peter and Paul Church located in the Old Suburb of Gdańsk was an important place of interest for the Calvinist Scottish diaspora. The Scottish immigrants in their search for a better future often chose Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth as a new home. The history of this Celtic nation in Poland is, without a doubt, an extremely interesting chapter in the history of our country.

He was just fourteen when he left Aberdeenshire in 1658. Alexander could not know it back then, but a bright future awaited him. Chalmers became a successful merchant, but his ambition was much bigger – he desired political power.

Although nominally Commonwealth was a federation of Polish and Lithuanian states, it was home to much more nations and ethnic groups. Among them were Cossacks – freedom-loving warriors of the Ukrainian steppes.

Kamianets-Podilskyi/Kamieniec Podolski: one of the most important fortresses of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. This castle was substantial in keeping the southern borders of the country safe against the Turkish and Tatar forces. Around the stronghold grew a city, surrounded by waters of Smotrych River.

Foreign cuisine always fascinates us. Intuitively, we know what to expect from French, Portuguese, or Italian cuisine. In the past centuries, just like today, learning about culinary habits was an essential part of the journey. Let’s sneak into the old kitchen and see what inhabitants of the Polish-Lithuanian  Commonwealth did eat!

Polish is considered a language that is extremely difficult for foreigners to learn. There are two main reasons for this: grammar and pronunciation. The declension and the possible structures of sentences that do not occur in English are just a few of the many challenges that risk-taker, who wants to learn the language of the Sarmatians, had to face. In turn, the large accumulation of consonants makes understanding another person speaking Polish a real feat.

The town of Smorgonie, although small, was a picturesque place. Located on the left bank of the Wilia River, Smorgonie was one of the points on an important trade route connecting Królewiec, Vilnius, and Moscow. The town was located at the junction of two worlds: Lithuanian (and thus Catholic) and Ruthenian (Orthodox). In the 17th century, another element was added to this colorful mosaic: the bear training school.